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401k What To Know About Your Collective Investment Trust Money Mutual Fund Mix Ret July17 Graphic Mak

401k what to know about your collective investment trust money mutual fund mix ret july17 graphic mak funds reddit

Category : Mutual Fund.
Topic : 401k mutual fund selection. Author : Elise Day.
Posted : Sun, Feb 24th 2019 10:22 AM.
Format : jpg/jpeg.

A mutual fund is the most popular form of a pooled investment known today. They are designed for people who want to have their money professionally managed at a fairly reasonable cost. In addition to professional management, they give an investor convenience, diversification, record keeping, tax reporting, and safekeeping of securities.

What's Popular?
Monthly Income Plan Mutual Funds
Monthly income plan mutual funds

How Much Are Mutual Funds
How much are mutual funds

A mutual fund is the most popular form of a pooled investment known today. They are designed for people who want to have their money professionally managed at a fairly reasonable cost. In addition to professional management, they give an investor convenience, diversification, record keeping, tax reporting, and safekeeping of securities.

Mutual funds are divided into two categories: closed-end funds and open-end funds. Closed-end funds have a fixed number of shares issued to the public. If you want to purchase a piece of the fund, you have to purchase an existing share from a shareholder that is selling.

How do mutual funds make money? Mutual funds make money in several ways. The main way is from internal fees that are called expense ratios. Expense ratio sounds a lot better than FEES, right? But it is the same thing. It is a percentage of the funds assets that are taken out every day, and it is how the mutual fund company stays in business. You never see these fees come out, but they definitely affect your annual returns. You want to try to make sure your expense ratios are around 1% or less per year.

Some specialty funds are going to be higher, but for the most part you should try to buy funds that are under 1%. Funds are required by law to produce a document called a prospectus, which no one ever reads, that tells you important information about the fund. Fortunately, Morningstar reports most of this same information in a much easier to understand way. The best mutual funds will keep these internal costs to a minimum.

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Mutual funds are divided into two categories: closed-end funds and open-end funds. Closed-end funds have a fixed number of shares issued to the public. If you want to purchase a piece of the fund, you have to purchase an existing share from a shareholder that is selling.

The value of the fund is based on the value of the assets it holds. As the stocks or bonds within the fund increase in value, the fund increases in value. Conversely, as the stocks or bonds within the fund decrease in value, the fund also decreases in value. Mutual funds only trade at the end of the day based on their net asset value (NAV). To determine the NAV at the end of the trading day, the mutual fund company looks at all of the assets that are in the basket, determines their value and divides that number by the total number of outstanding shares in the fund.

Alpha - measures the performance of a fund on a risk-adjusted basis. Alpha calculates a risk factor relative to a fund, and then compares that risk-adjusted performance to a benchmark (such as the S&P 500). A number is then assigned that reflects how that fund performs, relative to the amount of risk the investment is exposed to. For example, a positive alpha of 1.0 means the fund has outperformed its benchmark index by 1%, or a negative alpha of -1.0 would indicate an underperformance compared to the benchmark of 1%.

Another point to consider when investing in mutual funds is taxes. When a fund manager sells a stock or bond within the basket for a gain, IRS regulations provide that this gain be taxed to the shareholders of the fund. This means that a fund with a high turnover (a fund that buys and sells a lot within the basket each year) could have a great deal of gains that will be taxable to the shareholders. The tax gains are passed through to the shareholders who own the fund as of a specific date each year. This means that someone buying the fund just before the taxable distribution date, will pay the tax on the gain for the entire year, even though they did not own the fund all year. For more tax efficient funds, look for funds that have a low turnover rate.

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The value of the fund is based on the value of the assets it holds. As the stocks or bonds within the fund increase in value, the fund increases in value. Conversely, as the stocks or bonds within the fund decrease in value, the fund also decreases in value. Mutual funds only trade at the end of the day based on their net asset value (NAV). To determine the NAV at the end of the trading day, the mutual fund company looks at all of the assets that are in the basket, determines their value and divides that number by the total number of outstanding shares in the fund.

When investing in mutual funds (or any investments), it is important to be diversified (see my blog titled The Truth About Diversification). Sometimes, owning a few different mutual funds may give the appearance of being well diversified, but on closer inspection, if the funds you own, each have major holdings in the same stocks, you may not be diversified at all.

By law, a mutual fund company must outline all of the above expense information, and a great deal more, in their prospectus. A funds prospectus will specify a funds objectives and its past performance, information about the fund manager and the fees associated with the fund.